Ezra G. Goldstein

Ph.D. Candidate and L. Charles Hilton Jr. Center Fellow at Florida State University

The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents


Unpublished


Ezra G. Goldstein
2020 Aug

(Draft Coming Soon)

Today, roughly one third of children grow up in a single-parent household. Yet little is known about the causal effect of single-parent households on a child's adulthood outcomes. This study estimates the causal impact of parental absence on a child's adulthood outcomes by examining parental death. To do so, I employ individual-level, historical data with a natural experiment leveraging plausibly exogenous variation in parental death. Using digitized records of all mining accidents in Pennsylvania, Illinois, West Virginia, and Ohio during the early 20th century, I compare children of fatal mining accident victims to children whose parents suffered serious, but non-fatal accidents. Adults who experienced the death of a parent during childhood experience worse labor market outcomes and are more likely to live outside of their childhood county. Estimates reveal substantial heterogeneity, the most severe effects are present for adults who experienced the loss of a parent at an early age and for children of immigrants. 

Cite

APA
Goldstein, E. G. (2020, August). The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents.

Chicago/Turabian
Goldstein, Ezra G. “The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents,” August 2020.

MLA
Goldstein, Ezra G. The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents. Aug. 2020.