Ezra G. Goldstein

Ph.D. Candidate and L. Charles Hilton Jr. Center Fellow at Florida State University

The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents


Unpublished


Ezra G. Goldstein
2020 Aug

(Draft Coming Soon)

Roughly one quarter of children currently grow up in a single-parent household in the United States. Yet little is known about the causal effect of parental absence on a child's adulthood outcomes. In this study, I leverage a novel, individual-level historical dataset and a natural experiment that yields plausibly exogenous variation in parental death. Specifically, I use digitized records of nearly all mining accidents in the U.S. during the early 20th century, and compare the adulthood outcomes of children of fatal mining accident victims to children whose parents suffered serious, yet non-fatal accidents. Adults who experienced the death of a parent during childhood are more likely to be unemployed, less likely to work in high-skilled occupations, and earn less wage income. Subgroup analyses indicate that the results are primarily driven by adults who experienced the loss of a parent at an early age and by children of immigrants.

Cite

APA
Goldstein, E. G. (2020, August). The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents.

Chicago/Turabian
Goldstein, Ezra G. “The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents,” August 2020.

MLA
Goldstein, Ezra G. The Long-Run Effect of Parental Absence: Evidence from Mining Accidents. Aug. 2020.