Ezra G. Goldstein

Ph.D. Candidate and L. Charles Hilton Jr. Center Fellow at Florida State University

Suffering in Silence: How COVID-19 School Closures Inhibit the Reporting of Child Maltreatment


Journal article


E. Jason Baron, Ezra G. Goldstein, Cullen T. Wallace
Journal of Public Economics, 2020 Oct


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with E. Jason Baron and Cullen T. Wallace

Media Coverage:  The New York Times, ChalkBeat, Bloomberg CityLab

Abstract:  To combat the spread of COVID-19, many primary and secondary schools in the United States canceled classes and moved instruction online. This study examines an unexplored consequence of COVID-19 school closures: the broken link between child maltreatment victims and the number one source of reported maltreatment allegations---school personnel. Using current, county-level data from Florida, we estimate a counterfactual distribution of child maltreatment allegations for March and April 2020, the first two months in which Florida schools closed. While one would expect the financial, mental, and physical stress due to COVID-19 to result in additional child maltreatment cases, we find that the actual number of reported allegations was approximately 15,000 lower (27 percent) than expected for these two months. We leverage a detailed dataset of school district staffing and spending to show that the observed decline in allegations was largely driven by school closures. Finally, we discuss policy implications of our findings for the debate surrounding school reopenings and suggest a number of responses that may mitigate this hidden cost of school closures.


Cite

APA
Baron, E. J., Goldstein, E. G., & Wallace, C. T. (2020). Suffering in Silence: How COVID-19 School Closures Inhibit the Reporting of Child Maltreatment. Journal of Public Economics, 190.

Chicago/Turabian
Baron, E. Jason, Ezra G. Goldstein, and Cullen T. Wallace. “Suffering in Silence: How COVID-19 School Closures Inhibit the Reporting of Child Maltreatment.” Journal of Public Economics 190 (October 2020).

MLA
Baron, E. Jason, et al. “Suffering in Silence: How COVID-19 School Closures Inhibit the Reporting of Child Maltreatment.” Journal of Public Economics, vol. 190, Oct. 2020.